Istanbul University (Turkey)
Abstract. One of the issues at the heart of the Ottoman Empire throughout history was education, bearing in mind that education is the guarantee of a nation’s progress. The biggest breakthrough in the field of educationin the Ottoman Empire took place during and after the reign of Abdulhamid II. In this period, the language
of education and instructionwas an important issue in the studies conducted for the dissemination of educational institutions throughout the country. In addition to ArabicLanguage, the necessity of learning western languages emerged from the times when the Ottoman Empire’s relations with the western stateshad begun to gain tractionowing to political developments.In modern schools, some western languages were introduced, especially the Frenchlanguage. Within the scope of this study where the era of Abdulhamid II is prioritized to understand the place of foreign language education within the education system, the general characteristics of the education system of the period are given in brief. Language policies and foreign language education of the period are examined. In addition, some examples from the Collection of Yıldız Palace Library, which has a very important place in the education system of Abdülhamid II period, are introduced and discussed.
Keywords: Language education; language policies; Abdülhamid II period; Yıldız Palace Library Collection; Istanbul University Rare Books Library
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