Grigori Matein1), Asen Pashov2)
1)Atos Quantum (France)
2)Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski” (Bulgaria)
Abstract. When a liquid is heated and the power of the heater is high enough (about 1MW/m2), bubbles are formed at the surface of the heater. Their expansion and collapse are the source of a specific sound, known to everybody who uses a kettle to prepare water for tea or coffee. The main goal of this study is to investigate whether it is possible to judge about the composition of the heated liquid by this sound. A specialized experimental set up is assembled and a systematic study of all known factors, influencing the sound is carried out. It is found out that the most crucial parts of the set up are the container for the liquids and the heater. They are discussed in detail and considerations for further improvements are given. It is demonstrated that with the present apparatus it is possible to detect changes in the sound spectrum when changing the composition of the liquid. For example, one can distinguish between pure water and water with less than 0.1% of ethanol. Along with admixtures of different alcohols, experiments with a soap solution in water and carbonated water are performed.
Keywords: sound; analysis; heater; liquid; alcohol; composition; concentration